April's Birthstone - Diamond
The diamond is the traditional birthstone of April and holds significant meaning for those born in that month. Believed to provide the wearer with better relationships and an increase in inner strength, it is also a symbol of everlasting love and brings strength and courage.
Wearing a diamond provides clarity as you make your way forward without necessarily looking but can make you hard headed and unmoving.
Explore our range of Birthday Gifts
Diamonds have been treasured as gemstones since their use as religious icons since ancient times.
The name diamond comes from the ancient Greek αδάμας (adámas), "proper", "unalterable", "unbreakable", "untamed", and they are thought to have been first recognized and mined in India.
The April birthstone, diamond, is a crystallised form of carbon, where the atoms are arranged in a cubic crystal structure called a diamond lattice. Diamonds have the highest hardness and thermal conductivity of any material currently known.
Associated Diamond Zodiac
There are two Zodiac signs which traverse April: Aries which covers March-April and Taurus for April-May.
Time period: 20 March – 19 April
Ruling planet: Mars
Aries is the first astrological sign in the zodiac. The symbol of the ram is based on the Chrysomallus, the flying ram that provided the Golden Fleece.
Time period: 20 April – 20 May
Ruling planet: Venus
Taurus (Latin for Bull) is the second astrological sign in the present zodiac. People born under the sign of Taurus are called Taureans. The symbol of the bull is based on the Cretan Bull, the white bull that fathered the Minotaur who was killed by Theseus.
The History of Diamond
Most diamonds are formed at high temperature and pressure at depths of 140 - 190 km (87 - 118 miles) in the Earth's mantle over periods of 1 to 3.3 billion years and are brought close to the Earth's surface through deep volcanic eruptions.
Pure or nearly pure diamonds are transparent and colourless, while coloured diamonds contain impurities or structural defects that cause the coloration:
yellow or brown (nitrogen)
brown, purple, pink, orange or red (defects in the lattice)
green (radiation exposure)
Diamond also has the ability to disperse light of different colours.
In order of increasing rarity, yellow diamond is followed by brown, colourless, then by blue, green, black, pink, orange, purple, and red. Black diamonds are not really black, but just contain numerous dark bits and pieces that give the dark appearance.
The Value of Diamonds
In 2008, the Wittelsbach Diamond, a 35.56-carat (7.112 g) blue diamond once belonging to the King of Spain, fetched over US$24 million at a Christie's auction.
In 2009, a 7.03-carat (1.406 g) blue diamond fetched the highest price per carat ever paid for a diamond when it was sold at auction for US$9.5 million.
In 2009, a 5-carat (1.0 g) vivid pink diamond was sold for US$10.8 million in Hong Kong.
The Power of Diamond
The April birthstone, the diamond is believed to be effective for health problems like curing brain diseases, disorders caused by the pituitary gland and drawing out toxins from wounds.
Spiritually, the stone is believed to create positive energy in an individual and interact with positive forces of other stones to enhance the quality of the wearer’s life.